Top 5 Places to visit in Sri Lanka
The culture of Sri Lanka dates back over 2500 years. It is influenced primarily by Buddhism, Hinduism and Christianity. The island is the home to two main traditional ancient cultures: the Sinhalese (centred in the ancient cities of Kandy and Anuradhapura) and the Tamil (centred around the city of Jaffna). In more recent times, the British colonial culture has also influenced the locals. Sri Lanka claims a democratic tradition matched by few other developing countries. Sri Lanka is a part of the Commonwealth and is pleased to adopt some of the English traditions as well.
The first Tamil immigration was probably around the 3rd century BC. Tamils co-existed with the Sinhalese people since then, and the early mixing rendered the two ethnic groups almost physically indistinct. Ancient Sri Lanka is marked for its genius in hydraulic engineering and architecture. The rich cultural traditions shared by all Sri Lankan cultures is the basis for the country's long life expectancy, advanced health standards and high literacy rate, the latter being over 90 per cent.
Sinhalese and Tamil are the two official languages of Sri Lanka. The Constitution defines English as the link language. English is widely used for education and the majority of the population has at least a working knowledge of English.
Sri Lankan cuisine has influences from traditional authentic ancient Sri Lankan gastronomy, the stimuli from colonial powers, the fine arts of the cooking of foreign traders and the culinary arts of Southern India. The key ingredients are rice, yams, meats, fish and shell-fish, vegetables, fruits, coconut and especially spices, reflecting the island's history as a spice producer and a cosmopolitan trading post over several centuries.
Sri Lankan staple cuisine centres around boiled or steamed rice served with a curry of fish, shrimp, crab, chicken, beef, mutton or goat, along with other curries made with a plethora of vegetables, lentils or fruit.
Dishes are accompanied by pickled fruit or vegetables, chutneys and sambals, especially coconut sambol, a mix of finely scraped mature coconut kernel mixed with chili peppers, black pepper, dried Maldive fish and lime juice.
Suggested packing- Mosquito repellent, torch, umbrella, Sun screen & hat/cap